Degree Name

DrPH (Doctor of Public Health)

Program

Public Health

Date of Award

8-2012

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

James L. Anderson

Committee Members

Hadii M. Mamudu, Shimin Zheng

Abstract

Tobacco use continues to be the leading cause of preventable death in the world. The disproportionate increase in tobacco use in low- and middle-income countries needs immediate attention. Many smokers begin smoking as adolescents and are most likely to become permanent smokers. Moreover, youth are highly targeted by tobacco industry strategies. However, a gap exists in literature to understand worldwide youth tobacco use and control. The purpose of this study is to 1) identify factors that influence never-smoking youths‟ smoking susceptibility, 2) explore characteristics that influence youth exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and 3) to delineate key determinants of youth support for smoke-free policies (SFPs).

Data related to worldwide youth tobacco use was obtained from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey for the years 1999-2008. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted, after the sample was weighted for design effect, nonresponse patterns and poststratification. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios along with 95% confidence intervals were reported.

Around 14% of never-smoking youth were susceptible to smoking worldwide. Around 40% and 50% youth were exposed to ETS inside and outside the home respectively, and 78% supported SPFs globally. Parental and peer smoking was strongly associated with smoking susceptibility in never-smoking youth [AOR 2.63, 95% CI 2.43 to 2.84], and youth exposure to ETS inside [AOR 5.09, 95% CI 4.84 to 5.35] and outside [AOR 2.51, 95% CI 2.39 to 2.63] the home, while anti-smoking school education was negatively associated. Youth having knowledge about smoking harm [AOR 2.37, 95% CI 2.22 to 2.54] supported SFPs, while youth exposed to tobacco industry promotion [AOR 0.83, 95% CI 0.78 to 0.89] did not support.

The study highlighted a number of modifiable factors that can be used for augmenting global tobacco control in youth. Well-executed anti-smoking campaigns, parental and peer education, inclusion of anti-tobacco education in school curricula, comprehensive SFPs, and comprehensive ban on tobacco industry strategies are important approaches to prevent tobacco use and advance global tobacco control in youth.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

Included in

Public Health Commons

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