Honors Program

University Honors

Date of Award

5-2014

Thesis Professor(s)

Jodi Polaha

Thesis Professor Department

Psychology

Thesis Reader(s)

William Dalton III, Megan Quinn

Abstract

Nationally, it has been estimated that 10 to 21% of children with psychosocial concerns are seen in primary care settings (Jellinek et al., 1999; McInerny, Szilagyi, Childs, Wasserman & Kelleher, 2000; Palermo et al., 2002). Often, however, children go undiagnosed with/treated for psychosocial concerns in pediatric primary care due to lack of physician time and poor referral rates to mental health providers. Evaluations of integrated care models, in which a behavioral health consultant is present in primary care practices, has shown to increase the availability of mental health services (Stancin, Perrin, & Ramirez, 2009). Using extant data from patient records extracted by a trained nurse, this study aims to assess practice scheduling habits and seasonal variation in behavioral health consultant (BHC) usage on days when a BHC is present versus non-BHC days in one rural pediatric office over the course of four years. This study aims to evaluate economic efficiency based on the number of patients scheduled per day. It is hypothesized that the presence of an onsite BHC will increase patient volume and, thus, economic efficiency. Information gathered from the clinic’s electronic scheduling system included: 1) the number of patients scheduled on a BHC day and 2) the number of patients scheduled on a non-BHC day for each week of the BHC’s employment. These data—both overall and by year and season—were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey testing. There were no significant differences in scheduled patient volume found between the day types overall. However, yearly analysis revealed significant differences between 2010 and 2012, 2013, and 2014 on BHC days and between 2010 and 2014 on non-BHC days. When examined by season, significant differences were found between Fall/Winter and Spring/Summer on both day types in post hoc Tukey testing. These findings have important implications for the trajectory of benefits provided by a BHC in a rural integrated care model.

Document Type

Honors Thesis - Withheld

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.