Mind-Body Connection: Cardiovascular Sequelae of Psychiatric Illness

Document Type


Publication Date



Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Mental health disorders are associated with the onset and progression of cardiac disease. The adverse sequelae of this association include worsened quality of life, adverse cardiovascular outcomes, and heightened mortality. The increased prevalence of CVD is partly explained by increased rates of traditional cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity, and smoking, but mental illness is an independent risk factor for CVD and mortality. Given the association between mental health disorders and poor cardiovascular health, it is vital to have an early and accurate identification and treatment of these disorders. Our review article shares the current literature on the adverse cardiovascular events associated with psychiatric disorders. We present a review on depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, type A and D personality disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and stress.