Title

Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis Presenting with Streptococcus Intermedius Brain Abscess

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2021

Description

Objectives: Report a novel case of new-onset type 1 diabetes in a pediatric patient presenting with DKA and concurrent Streptococcus intermedius brain abscess. Case presentation: The following case report is that of a previously healthy 12 year-old girl presenting with new-onset type 1 diabetes with mild diabetic ketoacidosis and subsequently found to have a brain abscess. Over the course of her hospital stay, she developed seizures and was found to have a 1.3 × 1.0 × 1.2 cm right frontal parasagittal mass culture-positive for S. intermedius. Neurologic symptoms were unmasked once insulin treatment was initiated and ketosis improved, supporting the relationship between therapeutic ketosis and the management of medication-refractory epilepsy. Conclusions: This case both supports the relationship between therapeutic ketosis and the management of medication-refractory epilepsy and highlights the need to carefully consider comorbid conditions in patients with DKA and new onset neurological symptoms.

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