The Relationship Between Temperament and Anxiety: Phase I in the Development of a Risk Screening Model to Predict Stress-Related Health Problems
This study of 509 (340 female) undergraduate university students in southern Appalachia who completed the Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), is the first phase in the development of a model to predict risk for stress-related health problems. Results indicate that high negative affect strongly predicted individuals with above average anxiety (OR = 3.7, 95% CI 2.43, 5.64), while high positive affect, effortful control, and sociability predicted that individuals would be low in reported anxiety (OR = .33 [95% CI .25, .44], .29 [95% CI .19, .45], and .69 [95% CI .56, .86], respectively).
Clements, Andrea D.; and Bailey, Beth A.. 2010. The Relationship Between Temperament and Anxiety: Phase I in the Development of a Risk Screening Model to Predict Stress-Related Health Problems. Journal of Health Psychology. Vol.15(4). 515-525. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105309355340 ISSN: 1461-7277