Maternal Correlates of Cardiometabolic Risk in Hispanic Children

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Maternal obesity, physical inactivity, and negative perceptions of neighborhoods have been identified as obesogenic factors in older children; however, no study has explored this relationship in young Hispanic children. Furthermore, the relation between obesogenic maternal factors and blood pressure in Hispanic children has not been examined. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between Hispanic mother’s physical activity (PA) levels, body mass index (BMI), and PA-related perceptions of neighborhoods and their children’s PA, TV screen time, blood pressure (BP), and BMI. Methods: Data of 118 mother-child dyads enrolled in a cross-sectional study of metabolic syndrome in Hispanic children at a community health center in Johnson City, TN were used. Parent and child questionnaires were used to ascertain mother’s BMI, PA, perception of the safety and availability of PA amenities in their children’s neighborhoods, satisfaction with their children’s neighborhoods as a place to bring up children, and children’s PA and TV screen time. Children’s height, weight, and BP were measured. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the association between child and maternal variables, adjusting for mother’s education and the child’s sex and age. Results: Children of obese mothers were more likely than children of mothers with normal BMI to engage in less than three days of at least 60 minutes of vigorous PA per week (OR: 6.47: 95% CI: 1.61-26.0). Children whose mothers did not engage in moderate PA were more likely to engage in less than three days of at least 60 minutes of vigorous PA per week (OR: 2.92, CI: 1.18-7.24); and have elevated BP (OR: 2.50, 95% CI: 1.02-4.53) than children whose mothers engaged in moderate PA. Conclusion: Our results suggest the need for interventions to help Hispanic mothers model physical activity and achieve and maintain healthy weight; if successful, these strategies could potentially influence their children’s blood pressure and physical activity levels.


San Diego, CA

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