Practice Locations of Graduates of Family Physician Residency and Nurse Practitioner Programs: Considerations Within the Context of Institutional Culture and Curricular Innovation Through Titles VII and VIII

Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 12-23-2005


Background: Studies have described the aggregate results of federal funding for health professions education at the national level, but analysis of the long‐term impact of institutional participation in these programs has been limited. Purpose: To describe and assess federally supported curricular innovations at East Tennessee State University designed to promote family medicine and nurse practitioner graduate interest in rural and underserved populations. Methods: Descriptive analysis of a survey to determine practice locations of nurse practitioner graduates (1992‐2002) and graduates of 3 family medicine residencies (1978‐2002). Graduates’ (N = 656) practice locations were documented using specific federal designations relating to health professions shortages and rurality. Results: Overall, 83% of family medicine residency and 80% of nurse practitioner graduates selected practice locations in areas with medically underserved or health professions shortage designations; 48% of family physicians and 38% of nurse practitioners were in rural areas. Conclusions: Graduates who study in an educational setting with a mission‐driven commitment to rural and community health and who participate in curricular activities designed to increase their experience with rural and underserved populations choose, in high numbers, to care for these populations in their professional practice.