Relationships between Measures of Jump Performance and Strength Following Three Different Methods of Resistance Training
Complex training is commonly utilized in an attempt to facilitate peak power production and Rate of Force Development (RFD) via Post Activation Potentiation (PAP). This research compared the effects of six weeks of; resistance (RT), plyometric (PT), and complex training (CT) upon the relationship between peak ground reaction forces (pGRF), jump performance, and strength. Thirty-four recreationally trained college aged males (21.44 ± 3.32 years) were trained using 1 of 3 methods; resistance (RT; n = 13; 180.14 ± 4.75 cm; 83.85 ± 20.54 kg), plyometric (PT; n = 11; 181.41 ± 7.97 cm; 81.25 ± 10.43 kg), or complex training (CT; n = 10; 185.17 ± 5.56 cm; 87.54 ± 9.04 kg) twice a week for 6 weeks. Participants were tested pre (W1) and post (W9) training to assess vertical jump height (CMVJ; cm), broad jump distance (BDJ; cm), pGRF (N), and multiple 1RM (kg) strength measures. Correlation matrices calculated on % change scores for performance measures from W1 to W9 between conditions, revealed significant positive and negative correlations (r range = -.730 through .996; p < .01* and p < .05**). The greatest total of significant correlation coefficients (r) for % change was seen for the RT group. Differences in training adaptations between groups at both the muscular and neuromuscular level may account for the differences seen.
MacDonald, C. J.; Lamont, Hugh S.; Garner, J. C.; Jackson, K.; Kavanaugh, A. A.; Carter, C. R.; Owens, E. M.; and Stone, Michael H.. 2011. Relationships between Measures of Jump Performance and Strength Following Three Different Methods of Resistance Training. SEACSM Annual Meeting, Greenville, SC. https://www.acsm.org/docs/default-source/regional-chapter-individual-folders/southeast/p_2011