Synthesis of Silver/Polymer Nanocomposites by Surface Coating Using Carbodiimide Method

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The objective of this research was the development of a novel synthetic method for preparation of silver/polymer nanocomposites containing finely dispersed silver nanoparticles. The surface of nanosilver was functionalized by amino groups, which then reacted with end acidic groups of polylactide (PLA) and its co-polymer with polyglycolide (PLGA). The condensation reaction was conducted in the presence of diisopropylcarbodiimide. Nanosilver coating with the polymers was confirmed by FT-IR and UV-vis spectroscopy. It was found that not only acid-terminated but also ester-terminated polymers can react with functionalized nanosilver. However, high dispersibility of the nanoparticles was achieved with acid-terminated polymers only. Obtained materials demonstrated X-ray contrast and bactericidal properties that makes possible their prospective application in biology and medicine.