Effects of Trauma of the Gulf War on Kuwaiti Children

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We investigated the effects of the Gulf War on two groups of Kuwaiti children and youth. Those children experiencing war-related traumatic events and those who did not experience or witness a war-related traumatic event participated. Data were obtained from the mother of each child. Each mother completed a structured Interview which Included Child Traumatic Reaction Index, developed according to the DSM-IV (1994) criteria for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The data indicated a significant interaction effect observed by mothers according to the child's gender, experience of war traumatic events, and PTSD. The results are discussed In terms of the diagnostic criteria for PTSD, the necessity of early Identification, and the difficulty associated with the diagnosing PTSD in children.