Release of Immunoreactive Neuropeptide Y From Brainstem Sites in the Cat During Isometric Contractions

Document Type


Publication Date



Fatiguing isometric contractions of the left hind-limb muscles in cats anesthetized with α-chloralose caused mean arterial pressure to increase by 82 ± 18 mmHg above resting and post-contraction levels and heart rates to increase by 15 ± 5 beats/min. Contractions were performed by stimulating the tibial nerve via a microprocessor-controlled stimulator. Glass microprobes, coated with antibody specific for neuropeptide Y (NPY) were inserted bilaterally into the periaqueductal grey (P 0.5-1.0, LR 2.0 mm) or into the right ventrolateral medulla (3.0 mm rostral to obex; LR 3.5 mm) prior to, during and following fatiguing contractions to determine whether immunoreactive NPY was released. No release of immunoreactive NPY was detected from the site in the ventrolateral medulla. Immunoreactive NPY was released from the contralateral but not the ipsilateral periaqueductal grey during the isometric contractions, suggesting that NPY-like substances maybe involved with the integration of muscle afferent input into this area of the brainstem.