Title

Development and Testing of the Barriers to Cessation Scale

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1995

Description

The purpose of this research was to develop and test a measure of barriers to smoking cessation. Barriers, reconceptualized within the Transactional Model of Stress (Lazarus, 1966), reflect specific stressors associated with smoking cessation. The measure consists of a 19-item scale, which has been tested in three studies. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients rangedfrom.81 to.87. Construct validity was demonstrated by correlations between barriers scores and scores on the Daily Hassles Scale (DeLongis, Folkman, and Lazarus, 1988). Predictive validity was demonstrated by findings that barriers scows significantly contributed to classification of abstainers versus relapsers 8 weeks after smoking cessation group participants quit smoking.

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