This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a functionally pleotropic cytokine important in immune regulation, and TSLP dysregulation is associated with numerous diseases. TSLP is produced by many cell types, but has predominantly been characterized as a secreted factor from epithelial cells which activates dendritic cells (DC) that subsequently prime T helper (TH) 2 immunity. However, DC themselves make significant amounts of TSLP in response to microbial products, but the functional role of DC-derived TSLP remains unclear. We show that TSLPR signaling negatively regulates IL-1β production during dectin-1 stimulation of human DC. This regulatory mechanism functions by dampening Syk phosphorylation and is mediated via NADPH oxidase-derived ROS, HIF-1α and pro-IL-1β expression. Considering the profound effect TSLPR signaling has on the metabolic status and the secretome of dectin-1 stimulated DC, these data suggest that autocrine TSLPR signaling could have a fundamental role in modulating immunological effector responses at sites removed from epithelial cell production of TSLP.
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Elder, Matthew J.; Webster, Steve J.; Fitzmaurice, Timothy J.; Shaunak, Aran S.D.; Steinmetz, Martin; Chee, Ronnie; Mallat, Ziad; Suzanne Cohen, E.; Williams, David L.; Hill Gaston, J. S.; and Goodall, Jane C.. 2019. Dendritic Cell-Derived TSLP Negatively Regulates HIF-1α and IL-1β during Dectin-1 signaling. Frontiers in Immunology. Vol.10(MAY). https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00921 PMID: 31139177