The Phosphate Transporter From Pea Mitochondria: Isolation and Characterization in Proteolipid Vesicles

Document Type


Publication Date



The phosphate transporter from mitochondria will exchange matrix phosphate for cytosolic phosphate and facilitate either phosphate/proton symport or phosphate/hydroxyl ion antiport. The phosphate transported into the matrix by this carrier is either used for ATP synthesis or exchanges back out to the cytosol on the dicarboxylate transporter, permitting entry of malate and succinate into the matrix. The phosphate transporter was solubilized from etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L. cv Alaska) mitochondrial membranes with Triton X-114, purified approximately 500-fold by hydroxylapatite chromatography, and reconstituted into azolectin vesicles that were preloaded with 0.1 or 10 mM phosphate. Phosphate transport was measured as the exchange of preloaded phosphate for external [32P]phosphate. Phosphate/phosphate exchange occurred for over 40 min at room temperature with an apparent K0.5 of 1.6 mM and a maximum velocity of over 700 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1. Diethyl pyrocarbonate was used as an inhibitor-stop reagent. Transport was inhibited by p-hydroxyphenylglyoxal, p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, pyridoxal 5-phosphate, and dansyl chloride but was insensitive to sulfate, nitrate, and N-ethylmaleimide, the standard inhibitor for the mammalian phosphate transporter. Phosphate/hydroxyl exchange was stimulated when the proton gradient was collapsed with carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, but phosphate/phosphate exchange was unaffected by the uncoupler.

This document is currently not available here.