IL-4 and IL-10 Modulation of CD40-Mediated Signaling of Monocyte IL-1beta Synthesis and Rescue From Apoptosis

Document Type


Publication Date



Previous studies have demonstrated that the interaction of CD40 on monocytes with CD40 ligand, present on activated CD4+ T cells, induces monocyte inflammatory cytokine synthesis and rescues monocytes from apoptosis. These findings suggest a role for CD40 signaling of monocyte activation in the maintenance and/or exacerbation of nonseptic (e.g., autoimmune) inflammatory responses. In the present study the effects of the modulatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 on CD40-mediated signaling of monocyte IL-1beta synthesis and rescue from apoptosis were examined. Both IL-4 and IL-10 decreased CD40-dependent IL-1beta synthesis in a dose-dependent manner individually and synergized in this effect when used concurrently, with minimal effect on CD40 surface expression. CD40 signaling of IL-1beta synthesis was shown to be dependent on the induction of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) activity, and both IL-4 and IL-10 diminished CD40-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of monocyte cellular proteins. However, IL-4, but not IL-10, blocked CD40-mediated rescue from apoptosis, an event that we have demonstrated previously to be dependent on PTK activity as well. Together these results suggest that in monocytes 1) both IL-4 and IL-10 target CD40-induced PTK activity in the down-regulation of IL-1beta synthesis; and 2) IL-4 and IL-10 have divergent effects on the CD40 signaling pathway, in that these cytokines are synergistic with respect to their abilities to inhibit CD40-mediated IL-1beta synthesis and differ in their abilities to block CD40-mediated rescue from apoptosis.

This document is currently not available here.