Uterine Preservation after Vaginal Delivery with Manual Extraction of Focal Placenta Accreta

Document Type


Publication Date



Placenta accreta spectrum disorder (PASD) is the adherence of the placenta caused by an abnormal trophoblast invasion into the myometrium. It is classified as placenta accreta, placenta increta, and placenta percreta depending on the extent of the invasion. Placenta accreta, defined as the superficial invasion of the placenta to the myometrium, accounts for 75% of PASD. Placenta increta is characterized by chorionic villi invasion deep into the myometrium. Placenta percreta involves placental invasion through the uterus and serosa and into the peritoneal cavity or surrounding viscera. Maternal morbidity and mortality can occur secondary to hemorrhage, disseminated intravascular coagulation, risks associated with blood transfusion, and pelvic and abdominal viscera injury. The standard of care in a known diagnosis of PASD is a cesarean delivery followed by hysterectomy with the placenta in situ. We report a case in which the diagnosis of focal PASD was not known antenatally but suspected after vaginal delivery. The patient subsequently underwent conservative management with uterine preservation and did not require laparotomy.