Title

Right Ventricle Perforation Post Pacemaker Insertion Complicated with Cardiac Tamponade

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-4-2018

Description

Pacemaker-lead-associated right ventricular perforation is a life-threatening complication. Acute perforation usually presents within 24 hours. Patients with lead perforation are often asymptomatic but fatal complications like hemopericardium, leading to cardiac tamponade and death, are reported. Diagnosis is based on chest x-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan, and echocardiography. The management of the lead perforation is based on clinical presentation. Extraction is avoided in cases of chronic asymptomatic lead perforations because of the associated complications. Urgent intervention is needed in hemodynamically unstable patients with pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade physiology.

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