Dexamethasone Stimulates Release of an ANP-Like Substance From Rainbow Trout Cardiocytes

Document Type


Publication Date



A substance that cross-reacts with antiserum to human atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is found in fish hearts. This ANP-like material increases sodium output from the gill and kidney while inhibiting sodium uptake in the gut. Mammalian ANP secretion is stimulated by glucocorticoids, and cortisol injection increases sodium output in salt-loaded fish. Therefore, we wanted to determine if the release of ANP in fish is sensitive to dexamethasone. Ventricle cardiocytes from the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss were treated with various doses of dexamethasone for 18 or 72 h. Single ventricle cells were then assayed for ANP release using a reverse hemolytic plaque assay and antiserum to human alpha-ANP. Incubation with 100 microM dexamethasone almost doubled the population of ventricle cells committed to ANP release (basal, 15.0 +/- 0.3% vs. Dexamethasone, 28.3 +/- 1.4%; values are percent plaque formation +/- SE). Stimulation of ANP secretion was dependent on dose and time of exposure to dexamethasone. These results suggest that ANP secretion in fish is regulated by glucocorticoids.