Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Russell O. Mays, Terrence A. Tollefson

Committee Members

Craige A. Terry, Louise L. MacKay


The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of high school principals and their Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (JROTC) senior Army instructors about the cost effectiveness and value of JROTC in impacting dropout and transition-to-college rates at their schools. The purposeful sample for this study included principals and senior Army instructors at three high schools, two in northwest North Carolina and one in northeast Tennessee.

The research investigated the per-student costs for the operation of the JROTC programs; the dropout rates for JROTC and non-JROTC students; the transition-to-college rates for JROTC and non-JROTC students; and the perceptions of the administrators as to the value and cost effectiveness of JROTC in impacting dropout and transition rates. The study found that the average annual JROTC program cost was $731 per student; JROTC students had a dropout rate of 22.2% and the non-JROTC students had a dropout rate of 21.2%; and, 52.4% of JROTC students indicated that they would transition-to-college, and 84.6% of non-JROTC students indicated that they would transition-to-college.

The administrators’ perceptions were evaluated in pretest posttest scenarios utilizing first a 30 question survey employing a Likert-type scale from “strongly agree” to “strongly disagree.” The administrators were then interviewed using a semi-structured format. Principals and senior Army instructors stated that their JROTC programs were cost-effective in reducing the dropout rates and increasing the college attendance transitioning rates at their schools. In general, principals perceived a higher value for their JROTC programs than did the JROTC senior Army instructors.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.