MA (Master of Arts)
Criminal Justice and Criminology
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
Larry S. Miller
John T. Whitehead, Michael C. Braswell
This study focused on the use of oleoresin capsicum (OC) as a means of force and also tested the effectiveness of OC.
A medium-size police agency was studied from 1991-2001. The following reports were collected for analysis: excessive force reports, reports of officers injured during arrests, use of hands-on restraint, and use of police baton.
This study revealed an increase in reported incidents of excessive force and a reduction in the number of officers injuired making arrests while using various defensive techniques.
Implementing OC into the force continuum remains a solid decision in review of this research. This study has shown oleoresin capsicum to be a safe, effective level in the law enforcement force continuum.
Thesis - Open Access
Adkins, Lydia Denise, "Oleoresin Capsicum: an Analysis of the Implementation of Pepper Spray into the Law Enforcement Use of Force Continuum in a Selected Police Department." (2003). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 779. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/779
Copyright by the authors.