Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Pamela Scott

Committee Members

William Flora, Virginia Foley, Richard Griffin, Heather Moore


The purpose of this quantitative study was to explore a possible relationship between remote learning with 1:1 devices and reading performance for third graders in a school district in Tennessee by comparing differences between universal screener reading data from fall 2020 and universal screener reading data from both fall 2018 and fall 2019. Star Reading universal screener Normal Curve Equivalent (NCE) data from fall 2018, fall 2019, and fall 2020 from three elementary schools were used for the study.

Results indicated that the third-grade students’ fall 2020 Star Reading universal screener NCEs were significantly lower than their fall 2018 first grade and fall 2019 second grade universal screener NCEs. The fall 2020 third-grade NCEs were not significantly different from the third-grade fall 2018 and fall 2019 NCEs. There were significant differences in reading performance by gender. The third-grade female students scored significantly lower on their fall 2020 Star Reading universal screener than on their first-grade fall 2018 and second-grade fall 2019 Star Reading universal screener. There were no significant differences in the Star Reading universal screener NCEs for the third-grade male students. Implications for practice and recommendations for further research are discussed.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.