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Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Program

Psychology

Date of Award

5-2020

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Diana Morelen

Committee Members

Alyson Chroust, Kelly Moore

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are linked to risky health behaviors, and chronic disease. Children exposed to trauma are seven times more likely to develop a substance use disorder (SU) in adulthood. However, not all children who experience ACEs will grow up to have detrimental outcomes. Parental emotion socialization (ES) may be particularly relevant for promoting risk or resilience in the context of adversity. The present study aimed to examine ES as a moderator of the relationship between ACEs and SU. Participants were recruited from East Tennessee State University. Simple regression revealed that non-supportive ES significantly moderated the relationship between ACEs and drug use, r2 = .041, F (7, 456) = 2.772, p < 0.001. Supportive ES significantly moderated the relationship between ACEs and drug use, r2=.051, F (7, 456) = 3.473, p < 0.001. Overall, the results provide further understanding on the relationship between ACEs, ES, and SU.

Document Type

Thesis - Campus Only

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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