Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Program

Sport Physiology and Performance

Date of Award

8-2019

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Michael H. Stone

Committee Members

Kyle C. Pierce, Kimitake Sato, Satoshi Mizuguchi

Abstract

Several methods have been used in the scientific literature to study the weightlifting pull. Broadly, these methods are used to measure kinematic or kinetic variables exhibited by the lifter, the barbell, or the lifter-barbell system. However, there is an apparent disconnect between weightlifting research and coaching practice that may reduce the perceived benefits of technique analysis among coaches and present some challenges for coaches who seek to incorporate technique analysis into their coaching practice. Differences and trends in the technique of competitive weightlifting performances are apparent from the available literature. However, there are also gaps in the literature due to infrequent analyses that are limited to narrow subgroups of the weightlifting population. Therefore, the purposes of this dissertation were to 1) update to the scientific knowledge of weightlifting technique and performance, 2) improve coaches’ ability to conduct and interpret technique analysis, and 3) enhance transferability of weightlifting in training to improve sport performance.

A review of methods used to evaluate the weightlifting pull provides some practical guidance for coaches on the application and interpretation of weightlifting technique analysis. Video analysis is recommended as the most practicable method for coaches to implement technique analysis themselves. Methods used to study 319 lifts by women and men from two major international competitions demonstrate the feasibility and usefulness of video analysis as an inexpensive, time-efficient, and user-friendly method for coaches to conduct reliable technique analysis. The results of this dissertation suggest that a variety of techniques can be used to achieve international weightlifting success and provide some evidence of changes in weightlifting technique since at least the mid-1980’s. These results also indicate that a stereotypical technique profile among elite international weightlifters does not exist, which further support the notion that strength is a primary determinant of weightlifting ability.

Document Type

Dissertation - Withheld

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

Available for download on Tuesday, July 11, 2023

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