Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Biology

Date of Award

12-2017

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Christopher Pritchett

Committee Members

Bert Lampson, Laraine Powers

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important opportunistic pathogen. Many P. aeruginosa virulence factors are regulated by the AlgZ/R two component system. AlgZ is the sensor histidine kinase which phosphorylates AlgR, the response regulator. AlgR activates transcription of different gene targets based upon its phosphorylation state. The genes that encode AlgZ and AlgR are transcribed in an operon. While regulation of algR expression has been well studied, regulation of algZ expression has not. Using a pilW mutant in concert with algZTF-lacZ transcriptional fusion, we conducted a transposon mutagenesis to identify algZ regulators. We identified an unknown autoregulatory loop. The type IV pilus minor pilins prevent the phosphorylation of AlgR by AlgZ . This inhibition of the AlgZ/R system subsequently down-regulates both the expression of the fimU operon and the algZ/R operon. Because AlgR regulates virulence, it is possible that virulence can also be reduced by targeting activation of the AlgZ/R system.

Document Type

Thesis - Withheld

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

Available for download on Saturday, November 13, 2021

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