Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Nancy Dishner

Committee Members

Terrence A. Tollefson, Jasmine R. Renner, Henry J. Antikiewicz


This study examines the perceptions of history and social studies teachers in the Lakeway Area of East Tennessee concerning the use of primary source materials in classroom instruction. The purpose of this study was to determine what value the educators in the intact group held for the use of primary source documents, how much time was devoted to the analysis of primary source documents by students in those classes, and potential barriers to the implementation of the use of primary source materials.

The research design was descriptive and used data gathered from a survey instrument constructed by the researcher. A pilot test of the instrument was conducted, reliability coefficients were calculated, and the survey instrument was modified. The final survey consisted of 44 statements, a demographic section, and four open-response questions. A total of two hundred eighteen surveys were sent to eligible educators in Cocke, Grainger, Hamblen, Hawkins,and Jefferson counties. One hundred fourteen of the surveys were returned and were used for this study. Other variables studied were gender, job classification, years of experience, the amount of time reported using primary sources in class, past or current membership in the National Council for Social Studies, participation in professional development emphasizing primary source analysis, and the type of teaching certification held by the respondents.

The findings include: The two greatest obstacles to the implementation of the use of primary source materials were lack of training or relevant experience and the perceived access to materials; comfort in using technology and ability level of students did not appear to be significant obstacle barriers; all categories of respondents held a positive opinion of the use of primary sources. A review of the responses to the open-response questions revealed that time could also have been an obstacle barrier to the implementation of the use of primary sources. It appears that the lack of training or relevant experience, the perceived access to materials, and perhaps time may be limiting factors in determining the amount of time educators in this area devote the primary source analysis.

Document Type

Dissertation - unrestricted


Copyright by the authors.