Regardless of the numeric base, scientific notation breaks numbers into three parts: sign, mantissa, and exponent. In this episode, we discuss how the computer stores those three parts to memory, and why IEEE 754 puts them together the way it does.
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Tarnoff, David, "Episode 3.07 – Introduction to Floating Point Binary and IEEE 754 Notation" (2020). Computer Organization and Design Fundamentals Series. https://dc.etsu.edu/computer-organization-design-oer/23