Project Title

Does a Single Item Alcohol Screening Test Improve Rates of Diagnosis/Referral of Alcohol Use Disorder in a Medicare Population with Diagnosis of Depression or Anxiety?

Authors' Affiliations

Jack Larsen, Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Kingsport TN Bruce Winegar, Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Kingsport TN Jesse Gilreath, Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Kingsport TN Sarah Hewitt, Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Kingsport TN

Faculty Sponsor’s Department

Family Medicine

Type

Oral Non-Competitive

Classification of First Author

Medical Resident or Clinical Fellow

Project's Category

Family Health Services, Mental Health

Abstract Text

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol use has been shown to reduce rates of alcohol use across multiple clinical settings, and is routinely recommended by the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF). In 2005 the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) recommended implementing a single item screening question (SISQ) for this purpose. Since then the SISQ has been well validated compared to other tools, such as the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). It has not, however, been well studied in particular populations, such as those with comorbid anxiety and/or depressive disorders. Medicare Annual Wellness Visits present a unique opportunity to study the SISQ because while they do inquire about alcohol use, they do not routinely include a SISQ. Our study seeks to investigate the efficacy of implementation of a SISQ during Medicare Annual Wellness Visits in a residency clinic population with anxiety and/or depressive disorders. Data collection is ongoing and will measure rates of referral to treatment before and after the SISQ is implemented, as well as rates of brief interventions given.

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Does a Single Item Alcohol Screening Test Improve Rates of Diagnosis/Referral of Alcohol Use Disorder in a Medicare Population with Diagnosis of Depression or Anxiety?

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol use has been shown to reduce rates of alcohol use across multiple clinical settings, and is routinely recommended by the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF). In 2005 the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) recommended implementing a single item screening question (SISQ) for this purpose. Since then the SISQ has been well validated compared to other tools, such as the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). It has not, however, been well studied in particular populations, such as those with comorbid anxiety and/or depressive disorders. Medicare Annual Wellness Visits present a unique opportunity to study the SISQ because while they do inquire about alcohol use, they do not routinely include a SISQ. Our study seeks to investigate the efficacy of implementation of a SISQ during Medicare Annual Wellness Visits in a residency clinic population with anxiety and/or depressive disorders. Data collection is ongoing and will measure rates of referral to treatment before and after the SISQ is implemented, as well as rates of brief interventions given.

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