Project Title

Atypical Covid-19-Associated Pneumonia in a Pediatric Patient

Authors' Affiliations

Caitlin Nicholson, Medical Student III, ETSU Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN. Brock Blankenship, MD, FAAEM, ETSU Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN

Faculty Sponsor’s Department

Health Sciences

Type

Oral Competitive

Classification of First Author

Medical Student

Project's Category

Medicine

Abstract Text

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) was declared to be a pandemic and a public health emergency by the World Health Organization in March of 2020. Researchers and medical professionals worldwide have been working nonstop to better understand the disease process of COVID-19 in order to refine treatment protocols and create effective immunizations. Within the pandemic, children make up a unique patient population as they have shown to have similar but less severe clinical features when compared with infected adults. Most pediatric cases of COVID-19 have been reported as asymptomatic or mild with only 8 per 100,000 in the US requiring hospitalization between March 1-July 25, 2020, approximately 576 patients. The case presented is of a 4-year-old Caucasian female with an atypical presentation of a COVID-19-associated pneumonia, with a review of her presentation to the hospital, treatment plan, and discharge. The current frequency of pediatric cases of COVID-19 with severe disease is low, and thus, not fully understood. This case provides an example of successful diagnosis and in-patient treatment, and broadens the scope of severe disease potential from COVID-19 in the pediatric population.

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Atypical Covid-19-Associated Pneumonia in a Pediatric Patient

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) was declared to be a pandemic and a public health emergency by the World Health Organization in March of 2020. Researchers and medical professionals worldwide have been working nonstop to better understand the disease process of COVID-19 in order to refine treatment protocols and create effective immunizations. Within the pandemic, children make up a unique patient population as they have shown to have similar but less severe clinical features when compared with infected adults. Most pediatric cases of COVID-19 have been reported as asymptomatic or mild with only 8 per 100,000 in the US requiring hospitalization between March 1-July 25, 2020, approximately 576 patients. The case presented is of a 4-year-old Caucasian female with an atypical presentation of a COVID-19-associated pneumonia, with a review of her presentation to the hospital, treatment plan, and discharge. The current frequency of pediatric cases of COVID-19 with severe disease is low, and thus, not fully understood. This case provides an example of successful diagnosis and in-patient treatment, and broadens the scope of severe disease potential from COVID-19 in the pediatric population.

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