#### Project Title

Intentional Learning Orientation According To Gender, Age, Rurality, and Program Type

#### Location

Clinch Mtn

#### Start Date

4-12-2019 9:00 AM

#### End Date

4-12-2019 2:30 PM

#### Poster Number

162

#### Faculty Sponsor’s Department

Nursing

#### Name of Project's Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Loyd Glenn

#### Type

Poster: Non-Competitive

#### Project's Category

Educational Modes or Psychology or Theory, Other Healthcare

#### Abstract Text

Several studies have found that learning styles differ based on gender, but others found no differences. There are no previous studies on gender differences in intentional learning styles. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to evaluate intentional learning style differences based on gender, demographics, and psychological characteristics.

The participants were junior level nursing students in a research course in two different semesters. The Learning Orientation Questionnaire of Martinez (2006) was administered in February of 2018 and 2019 to participants (n=198) and analyzed using ANOVA.

The LOQ score was significantly different between males and females (p= 0.013). Males had a mean of 2.76 + .89 SD (N=26) but females had an LOQ score of 2.40 + .52 SD (N=169). The LOQ score was not significantly different for students seeking different degrees (p= 0.16). 2nd Degree-seeking students had a mean of 2.43 + 0.37 SD (N=25), LPN-BSN students had a mean of 2.63 + 0.35 SD (N=2), Main BSN students had a mean of 2.44 + 0.62 SD (N=163), RN-BSN students had a mean of 2.5 + 0.70 SD (N=6). Other types of degrees had a mean of 3.5 + 0.35 SD (N=2). The LOQ score was not significantly different for distances that students had to travel to the nearest hospital (p=.54) Students with a distance of 15-30 minutes from their house had a mean of 2.5 + 0.67 SD (N=75). A distance of 30-45 minutes had a mean of 2.62 + 0.63 SD (N=15). A distance of 5-15 minutes had a mean of 2.42 + 0.54 SD (N=86) A distance of less than 5 minutes had a mean of 2.31 + 0.55 SD (N=12). A distance of greater than 45 minutes away had a mean of 2.29 + 0.45 SD (N=9). The LOQ score for the age of responders was not significantly different (p=0.71). Students who were 23 or less had a mean of 2.45+ 0.66 SD (N=103), students who are between 24-29 had a mean of 2.35 + 0.34 SD (N=15), students who are between the ages 30-39 had a mean of 2.63 + 0.38 SD (N=6), students who are older than 40 had a mean of 2.13 + 0.37 SD (N=4), students who preferred not the answer had a mean of 3.0 + SD not available (N=1).

The conclusion is that males and females have varied intentional learning styles. This supports previous studies that found differences in learning style in medicals students and practicing nurses.

Intentional Learning Orientation According To Gender, Age, Rurality, and Program Type

Clinch Mtn

Several studies have found that learning styles differ based on gender, but others found no differences. There are no previous studies on gender differences in intentional learning styles. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to evaluate intentional learning style differences based on gender, demographics, and psychological characteristics.

The participants were junior level nursing students in a research course in two different semesters. The Learning Orientation Questionnaire of Martinez (2006) was administered in February of 2018 and 2019 to participants (n=198) and analyzed using ANOVA.

The LOQ score was significantly different between males and females (p= 0.013). Males had a mean of 2.76 + .89 SD (N=26) but females had an LOQ score of 2.40 + .52 SD (N=169). The LOQ score was not significantly different for students seeking different degrees (p= 0.16). 2nd Degree-seeking students had a mean of 2.43 + 0.37 SD (N=25), LPN-BSN students had a mean of 2.63 + 0.35 SD (N=2), Main BSN students had a mean of 2.44 + 0.62 SD (N=163), RN-BSN students had a mean of 2.5 + 0.70 SD (N=6). Other types of degrees had a mean of 3.5 + 0.35 SD (N=2). The LOQ score was not significantly different for distances that students had to travel to the nearest hospital (p=.54) Students with a distance of 15-30 minutes from their house had a mean of 2.5 + 0.67 SD (N=75). A distance of 30-45 minutes had a mean of 2.62 + 0.63 SD (N=15). A distance of 5-15 minutes had a mean of 2.42 + 0.54 SD (N=86) A distance of less than 5 minutes had a mean of 2.31 + 0.55 SD (N=12). A distance of greater than 45 minutes away had a mean of 2.29 + 0.45 SD (N=9). The LOQ score for the age of responders was not significantly different (p=0.71). Students who were 23 or less had a mean of 2.45+ 0.66 SD (N=103), students who are between 24-29 had a mean of 2.35 + 0.34 SD (N=15), students who are between the ages 30-39 had a mean of 2.63 + 0.38 SD (N=6), students who are older than 40 had a mean of 2.13 + 0.37 SD (N=4), students who preferred not the answer had a mean of 3.0 + SD not available (N=1).

The conclusion is that males and females have varied intentional learning styles. This supports previous studies that found differences in learning style in medicals students and practicing nurses.