Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)


Mathematical Sciences

Date of Award


Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Robert A. Beeler, Teresa Haynes

Committee Members

Robert Gardner, Rodney Keaton


For a graph G = (V;E), a pebble distribution is defined as a mapping of the vertex set in to the integers, where each vertex begins with f(v) pebbles. A pebbling move takes two pebbles from some vertex adjacent to v and places one pebble on v. A rubbling move takes one pebble from each of two vertices that are adjacent to v and places one pebble on v. A vertex x is reachable under a pebbling distribution f if there exists some sequence of rubbling and pebbling moves that places a pebble on x. A pebbling distribution where every vertex is reachable is called a rubbling configuration. The t-restricted optimal rubbling number of G is the minimum number of pebbles required for a rubbling configuration where no vertex is initially assigned more than t pebbles. Here we present results on the 1-restricted optimal rubbling number and the 2- restricted optimal rubbling number.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Copyright by the authors.