Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

12-2016

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Scott Kirkby

Committee Members

Marina Roginskaya, David Close

Abstract

Melatonin, a nontoxic natural antioxidant, is of interest as a possible spin trap for use in spectroscopic methods to observe and identify short-lived free radicals, which have been linked to oxidative stress that may result in serious health problems. However, the reaction mechanisms for the oxidation of melatonin to form the product N1-acetyl-N2-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine are still not well understood. Computational quantum chemistry studies have been done on four proposed reaction mechanisms, involving the following major intermediate structures: a dioxetane, an epoxide, a melatonin radical cation, and a spin radical adduct. Molecular geometries were optimized at the DFT/B3LYP/cc-pVTZ level of theory, and single point energies were extrapolated to the complete basis set limit at the Hartree-Fock and second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation levels of theory using the cc-pVXZ (X = D, T, Q) basis sets. The lowest energy pathway was found to be the single electron transfer pathway, involving the melatonin radical cation intermediate.

Document Type

Thesis - Withheld

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

Available for download on Sunday, October 11, 2020

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