Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

8-2016

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Aleksey Vasiliev

Committee Members

Greg Bishop, Hua Mei

Abstract

The objective of this research was the development of an efficient method for the preparation of silver-polymer nanocomposites containing finely dispersed silver nanoparticles. The surface of nanosilver was functionalized by thiolation with 2-aminoethanethiol. Amino-modified nanosilver was covalently bonded to polyacrylic acid, biodegradable polymers like acid terminated polylactic acid, ester terminated poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) and acid terminated poly(DL lactide-co-glycolide) in the presence of diisopropylcarbodiimide by carbodiimide method. Esterification of the carboxyl groups of Ag-polyacrylic acid by hydrochloric acid in methanol resulted in the formation of a stable colloidal dispersion of Ag nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. It was observed that not just acid terminated polymers but also ester terminated polymers could react with functionalized nanosilver. This unusual reaction was due to the aminolysis of the ester bond in the polymer chain by the surface amino groups. Silver-polymer nanocomposites obtained with acid terminated polylactic acid and poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) contained highly dispersed nanosilver in the polymer matrix in comparison with the ester terminated poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide). Chemical and structural characteristics of the obtained materials were studied by instrumental methods. Attained biodegradable materials confirmed X-ray contrast and bactericidal properties, which could be eventually used for biomedical applications.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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