Degree Name

EdD (Doctor of Education)


Educational Leadership

Date of Award

May 1996


This study examines the relationship between participation in extracurricular activities and the variables of school attendance and academic achievement. The population for the study was the 1994-95 graduating class in the First Tennessee Development District high schools. The definition of extracurricular activities was expanded to include the employment of students. The relationships were examined through Pearson Product Moment correlations and by way of multiple regression. A total of 575 students from thirteen high schools made up the sample for this study. Schools were classified into three size categories and proportionally selected in order to accurately represent the population. Selected students responded to a survey instrument in order to provide the information to be analyzed. Demographic information concerning race, gender, and estimated family income was gathered. Respondents were also asked to provide the number of absences during the current year and current cumulative grade point average. The remaining portion of the survey contained a list of thirty-seven activities typically sponsored by high schools. Students provided information regarding the amount of time per week and the time frame of participation for any activity in which they participated. Space was allotted for respondents to provide the same information for activities not listed. A significant relationship was found between involvement in extracurricular activities and both school attendance and academic achievement. Results showed that as involvement in extracurricular activities increased, school attendance and academic achievement improved. This was true for two definitions of involvement. Results for employment differed. As involvement in employment increased, school attendance and academic achievement declined.

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access