Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Biology

Date of Award

5-2014

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Yue Zou

Committee Members

Phillip Musich, Cerrone Foster

Abstract

DNA in cells is constantly damaged by both endogenous and exogenous genotoxic agents. DNA repair is a cellular machinery that counters DNA damage and thus preserve genome integrity. Nucleotide excision repair (NER) in Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the DNA repair systems that recognizes and removes a variety of DNA damage such as pyrimidine dimers, bulky chemical adducts, DNA intrastrand cross-links, etc. The genes responsible for E. coli NER incisions are UvrA, UvrB, and UvrC. As the first step of E. coli NER, DNA damage recognition is achieved through the UvrA2B complex. Purification of UvrA, UvrB, and UvrC is essential for research to understand the molecular mechanisms of NER and carcinogenesis. Although UvrA, a 115 kDa protein, has been successfully purified in our lab in the past, the experimental procedures were very time-consuming and technically challenging. In this study we employed IMPACT (Intein Mediated Purification with an Affinity Chitin-binding Tag) system to subclone the cDNA of UvrA and express and purify the recombinant UvrA protein by a single-column step using the cloned expression construct. Furthermore, the purified protein was found to be fully functional in the UvrABC incision assay in which the DNA adduct of FABP [N-(20-deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-4-fluoro-4-aminobiphenyl] was efficiently cleaved in a time course-dependent manner.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

Included in

Biology Commons

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