MA (Master of Arts)
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
Russell W. Brown
Michael L. Woodruff, Otto Zinser
The aim of this investigation was to determine the effect of a nicotine-conditioned context on locomotor hyperactivity in an animal model of D2-priming, and whether conditioned hyperactivity could be blocked by the D2 antagonist eticlopride or the D3 antagonist nafadotride. D2-primed male rats showed enhanced nicotine sensitization as evidenced by statistically significant differences in horizontal activity. D2-primed female rats administered nicotine demonstrated an increased hypoactive response after initial sensitization and increased stereotypy. Eticlopride and nafadotride blocked sensitization to nicotine in both D2-primed and non D2-primed males and females. Eticlopride blocked conditioned hyperactivity in females but not in males. D2-primed female rats administered nicotine demonstrated significantly higher conditioned-hyperactivity as compared to non D2-primed females and controls, and this increase was more effectively blocked by nafadotride as compared to eticlopride. These results suggest differential roles of the dopamine D2 and D3 receptors in both adolescent nicotine sensitization and conditioned activating effects of nicotine.
Thesis - Open Access
Sheppard, Ashley Brianna, "Sex Differences in Nicotine-Conditioned Hyperactivity in a Model of Dopamine D2 Receptor Priming: Roles of Dopamine D2 and D3 Receptor Subtypes." (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1978. http://dc.etsu.edu/etd/1978
Copyright by the authors.