Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

8-2009

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Chu-Ngi Ho

Committee Members

Peng Sun, Jiang Yu-Lin

Abstract

Capsaicinoids are a class of compounds responsible for the "heat" of hot peppers. Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin have the highest burning effect. The aim of this work is to separate and quantify the two major capsaicinoids in fruits harvested at different stages of development and at different seasons. Simple and rapid HPLC method involves 73:27% methanol water mobile phase with C18 stationary phase and UV-Vis detector set at 210 nm. The method showed good reproducibility with 1.74% - 4.72% relative standard deviations, a linear response within 0.65–45.5 and 0.25-17.5 μg/mL for capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin, respectively. The method achieved average recovery of 106% for capsaicin and 102% dihydrocapsaicin. Determination of capsaicinoids in four naturally grown chili and commercial source habanero were analyzed. The amount in the sample ranged from 1184-8156 μg/g for capsaicin and 430-3299 μg/g for dihydrocapsaicin.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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