Degree Name

MA (Master of Arts)

Program

Psychology

Date of Award

12-2011

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Wallace E. Dixon Jr.

Committee Members

Jodi Polaha, Andrea D. Clements

Abstract

This study explored whether the relationship between temperament and emotional and behavioral disorders (EBDs) is moderated by socioeconomic status (SES) in a sample of 73 children ages 5 through 15 years. Caregivers completed the Rothbart temperament surveys and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Indicators of SES included total household income and occupational status, while indicators of EBDs included the Internalizing Problems, Externalizing Problems, and Total Problems scales of the CBCL. Temperament variables included Fear, Frustration, Sadness, and Shyness. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed 4 regressions significant for moderation. A conclusion gleaned from these results is that the relationship between particular temperament dimensions and Externalizing Problems and Total Problems is stronger in low-SES children than high-SES children but only when taking into account occupational status.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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