Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Program

Chemistry

Date of Award

12-2011

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Chu-Ngi Ho

Committee Members

Peng Sun, Ningfeng (Peter) Zhao

Abstract

This research is done to determine the distribution of flavonoids in diverse varieties of onions (commercial and wild onions). Reflux extraction method was done on dried onions and the abstracts were analyzed subsequently by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). Statistical calculations were done to see if there are significant differences in the varieties of onions studied from the chromatographic profiles obtained. The chromatograms obtained were patterned using visual observations, scatter plot study, correlation co-efficient, and ANOVA to evaluate the significant difference of the distribution of flavonoids in varieties of onions. The organic white onions seem to have closer flavonoids profile to that of natural wild onions with a corelation coefficient of 0.99 from HPLC data and 0.88 from the GCMS data. The ANOVA results also support these conclusions. However, natural wild onions tend to have more constituents that can be beneficial.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

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