Degree Name

MA (Master of Arts)

Program

Psychology

Date of Award

8-2011

Committee Chair or Co-Chairs

Eric W. Sellers

Committee Members

Russell W. Brown, Nathan A. Gates, Chad E. Lakey

Abstract

Individuals who suffer from severe motor disabilities face the possibility of the loss of speech. A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) can provide a means for communication through non-muscular control. Current BCI systems use characters that flash from gray to white (GW), making adjacent character difficult to distinguish from the target. The current study implements two types of color stimulus (grey to color [GC] and color intensification [CI]) and I hypotheses that color stimuli will; (1) reduce distraction of nontargets (2) enhance target response (3) reduce eye strain. Online results (n=21) show that GC has increased information transfer rate over CI. Mean amplitude revealed that GC had earlier positive latency than GW and greater negative amplitude than CI, suggesting a faster perceptual process for GC. Offline performance of individual optimal channels revealed significant improvement over online standardized channels. Results suggest the importance of a color stimulus for enhanced response and ease of use.

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Copyright

Copyright by the authors.

Share

COinS