MA (Master of Arts)
Kinesiology and Sport Studies
Date of Award
Committee Chair or Co-Chairs
Craig E. Broeder, Jacqueline Lloyd, Kathy Browder
Few studies have compared balance between aging black (BW) and white women (WW) and examined its relationship to muscle mass and bone mineral density (BMD). Nineteen BW and 56 WW between 60-91 years participated. Upper and lower body strength, body composition, BMD, volitional and non-volitional control of dynamic balance, and physical activity ratings were assessed. There were no differences in strength between the groups. A trend was reported for total body BMD (p=0.07). WW exhibited better control of rapid volitional movements, in the limits of stability and rhythmic weight shift tests. The relationships of strength and muscle mass to BMD and balance were weak. Physical activity ratings were higher for WW than BW (p<.05). In conclusion, differences reported in the literature between BW and WW for risk of falling may be due to other variables not assessed in this study. Future studies should examine other factors that contribute to increased risk of falling.
Thesis - Open Access
Jones, Tyanez, "Comparison of Black and White Elderly Women on Muscle Mass Bone Mineral Density and Balance." (2001). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 126. http://dc.etsu.edu/etd/126
Copyright by the authors.